Only four years ago, offshore wind farm developer DONG Energy set an ambitious 2020 target to build offshore wind energy for less than €100 per MWh. The target was also later adopted by the offshore wind industry. With Borssele 1+2, the forthcoming wind farm in the Netherlands, the target has now been reached.
Head of Wind Power at DONG Energy, Samuel Leupold, says: “With Borssele 1 and 2, we’re reaching a critical industry milestone more than three years ahead of time. This demonstrates the great potential of offshore wind.”
Clean energy for five million households
"Worldwide, it has never happened before that an offshore wind farm can be built at such low cost,” says Minister of Economic Affairs Henk Kamp. “This reduction of cost represents a major breakthrough in the transition to more sustainable energy.”
Borssele 1+2 is big enough to cover the power consumption of one million Dutch households, and more offshore wind energy is underway in the Netherlands. According to the government, four additional offshore wind farms will follow in the coming years. Combined, these five wind farms will have a capacity of 3,500MW, generating enough power for more than five million households - a major contribution to the Netherlands’ goal of 16 percent sustainable energy in 2023.
Driving down the cost of offshore wind
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The cost reductions are also a result of achieving economies of scale – the cost advantages of increasing the size, scale and output of a production. Offshore wind is still a young industry compared to other energy industries, so many scale advantages are yet to be seen. Bloomberg New Energy Finance predicts that for every time global wind capacity doubles, costs are reduced by 19 percent.
All signs point towards continued cost reductions. The next goal for DONG Energy and for the European offshore wind industry is to make offshore wind cheaper than fossil fuel alternatives before 2025. According to the company, this is an ambitious but not unrealistic goal.